Masonry construction has been used for centuries to create strong and long-lasting structures. However, masonry, like any building material, can be susceptible to various issues over time.? 

From cracking and erosion to moisture damage and settling, there are several common masonry issues that builders and property owners may encounter.? 

This article will explore some of the most common masonry issues and their causes. So, if you’re curious about common masonry issues and how to prevent them, keep reading. 

Fortunately, you can fix most of these issues by hiring a professional?cinder block wall repair contractor

Brick Spalling 

Brick Spalling is a type of wear and tear in brick walls, typically caused by extreme weather conditions or structural issues. It is the result of moisture that penetrates the mortar between the bricks, causing them to swell and eventually break apart.? 

In extreme cases, some pieces of the brick could detach from the wall and fall off – an unpleasant and dangerous situation.? 

Luckily, you can mitigate this problem by regularly checking for cracks and gaps in your wall, sealing them off with caulking, and even replacing any bricks noticeably affected by spalling.? 

With proper maintenance, you can keep your bricks safe from such damage. 

Mortar Deterioration 

Mortar deterioration is a common masonry issue that can occur over time. Mortar is used to bind bricks or stones together in masonry structures.? 

Over time, exposure to weather and other environmental factors can cause the mortar to deteriorate, leading to cracks, erosion, and other forms of damage. Mortar deterioration can weaken the overall structure of a masonry wall, making it less stable and more prone to collapse. It can also allow moisture to penetrate the wall, leading to additional damage and potential mold or mildew growth.? 

To prevent mortar deterioration, it’s essential to use high-quality mortar appropriate for the specific application and perform regular maintenance and repairs as needed. 

Sandstone Erosion 

Sandstone erosion in masonry is a process whereby sandstone deteriorates due to chemical weathering, salt attacks, and abrasion. It can lead to the crumbling of stone masonry, resulting in aesthetically displeasing outcomes and damage to any structure containing the sandstone.? 

Airborne pollutants, acid rain, or improper finishing of the sandstone work itself commonly cause such erosion. Still, it can also occur naturally as part of a normal aging process for certain stone types.? 

Sealants should be applied regularly to all sandstone materials used in structures to prevent water infiltration and the worsening of this issue.? 


Efflorescence is a common masonry issue that occurs when salt deposits form on the surface of a masonry structure. These deposits are caused by moisture penetrating the masonry and dissolving the salts that are naturally present in the building materials.? 

As the moisture evaporates, the salt is left behind, forming a white, powdery substance on the surface of the masonry.? 

While efflorescence is not typically a structural issue, it can detract from the appearance of the masonry. It may indicate underlying moisture issues that could lead to more significant damage over time.? 

Regular cleaning and maintenance can help to prevent the buildup of salt deposits on the surface of the masonry.?